عنوان مقاله [English]
Background and Objectives: The city of AqQala has been constantly exposed to floods in the Gorganrood River in the past, which is determined by examining the general characteristics of water structures, especially the historic bridge in the city center. The flood of March 2019 was one of the most destructive floods in this region, which left very bitter memories for our compatriots. In the management of this flood, a series of previous studies using different flow simulation models, past experiences to deal with floods and using the experiences of previous floods should increase accuracy, speed and reduce costs. At the time of the flood and the entry into the city of AqQala, in order to drain the water, those involved in the ring road and the railway line that was located in the flood route were considered to be the main reason for the large flood in the northern part of AqQala and the persistence of floods in the city. Destroyed in several places. Therefore, in this study, the effect of the ring road and railway line on the flooding rate of AqQala city has been investigated.
Materials and Methods: This research was conducted using HEC-RAS, GIS software and HEC-GeoRAS add-on. In order to investigate the effect of the ring road and railway line on the flood rate of AqQala city, this effect in three scenarios (absence of ring road and railway line, existence of ring road and railway line with coils installed in the route and existence of ring road and railway line It was discussed along with the embedded culverts and the cracks created in the path during the flood) was discussed.
Results: Examining the three scenarios discussed in this study, it was found that in the first scenario, we see flooding of a large area of the city of AqQala, so that 1.38 square kilometers of the city has been flooded. The second scenario shows an increase in flooding and intensification of floods in the city compared to the first scenario, which causes flooding of 2.53 square kilometers of residential land, and the third scenario shows the positive effect of cracks created during floods to reduce flooding in the city Which has reduced the amount of flooding to 1.98 square kilometers.
Conclusion: Although the low level of ground level in some areas of AqQala city such as Eidgah, Moallemabad and Hakimabad, the flooding of these areas is obvious, a comparison of the first and second scenarios showed that the location of the ring road and rail line Railway in the direction of flood movement has increased the extent of flooding and submergence of some other areas and neighborhoods and the persistence of flood flow in the city of AqQala. On the other hand, by comparing the second and third scenarios, it can be concluded that the lack of procrastination and rapid decision-making regarding the gap on the ring road and railway line, could have reduced the relative flooding of the city and the persistence of floods and submerged some Avoid areas.