1.Alexander, M. 1977. Introduction to soil microbiology. 2nd edition. John Wiley and Sons Inc. New York. 467p.
2.Arunachalam, K., DeoSingh, N., and Arunachalam, A. 2003. Decomposition of leguminous crop residues in a “jhum” cultivation system in Arunachal Pradesh. J. Plant Nutr. Soil Sci. 166: 731-736.
3.Azadbakht, A., Alebrahim, M.T., Mohammaddust Chamanabad, H.R., and Ghavidel, A. 2018. A Study of the effect of weed control methods for potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L.) on the biological parameters of soil. J. Agroecol. 8: 1. 15-30. (In Persian)
4.Ball, A.S. 2014. Cell Bacterial Culturing. (Ghavidel, A. and Najirad, S). published at Ardebil Jihad. (Translated In Persian)
5.Blanco-Canqui, H., and Lal, R. 2007.Soil and crop response to harvestingcorn residues for biofuel production. J. Geoderma. 141: 355-362.
6.Bo, Z., Lixia, Y., Limei, G., Gong, C., Yuegao, H., Haiming, T., Chunfang, X., Xiaoping, X., Guangli, Y., Surya, N.A., and Zhaohai, Z. 2012. Performance of two winter cover crops and their impacts on soil properties and two subsequent
rice crops in Dongting Lake Plain, Hunan, China. Soil and Tillage Research. 124: 95-101.
7.Chen, X., Cabrera, M.L., Zhang, L., Shi, Y., and Shen, S.M. 2003. Long-term decomposition of organic materials withdifferent carbon/nitrogen ratios. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis. Plant Analysis. 34: 44-54.
8.Dane, J.H., and Topp, G.C. 2002. Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 4, Physical Method. Soil Sci. Soc. Amer. J. Inc. Madison, Wisconsin, USA.
9.De Vita, P., Di Paolo, E., Fecondo, G.,Di Fonzo, N., and Pisante, M. 2007.No-tillage and conventional tillage effects on durum wheat yield, grain quality and soil moisture content in southern Italy. Soil and Tillage Research 92: 1. 69-78.
10.Deurer, M., Grinev, D., Young, I., Clothier, B.E., and M¨uller, K. 2009. The impact of soil carbon management on soil macro pore structure: a comparison of two apple orchard systems in New Zealand. Europ. J. Soil Sci. 60: 945-955.
12.Elfstrand, S., Bath, B., and Martensson, A. 2007. Influence of various forms of green manure amendment on soil microbial community composition, enzyme activity and nutrient levels in leek. Appl. Soil Ecol. J. 36: 70-82.
13.Esfandiary Ekhlas, E., Nael, M., and Hamzei, J. 2018. The Effect of Integrated management of Conservation Tillage and Lathyrus sativus Cover Cropping on Cucurbita pepo Yield and Selected Soil Quality Indicators. Iran.
J. Field Crop Res. 16: 2. 421-434.(In Persian)
14.Gomez, J., Sobrinho, T., Gir´aldez J., and Ferere, E. 2009. Soil management effects on runoff, erosion and soil properties in an olive grove of southern Spain. Soil and Tillage Research.102: 5-13.
15.Gupta, P.K. 2004. Soil, Plant, Water and fertilizer analysis. Agro bios. India.
16.Haghian, I., and Salari, A. 2018. Investigation of environmental factors controlling soil organic carbon in rangelands of arid regions (Case study: Yansi region of Gonabad). J. Water Soil Cons. 25: 3. 281-289. DOI: 10.22069/ jwsc.2018.14299.2903. (In Persian)
17.Hamzei, J., and Borbor, A. 2014. Effect of different soil tillage methods and cover crops on yield and yield components of corn and some soil characteristics. J. Agric. Know. Sust. Prod. 24: 3. 35-47. (In Persian)
18.Hesami, E., Jahan, M., Nassiri- Mahallati, M., and Farhoudi, R. 2018. Effects of plant residues in two types of soil texture on soil characteristics and corn (Zea mays L.) NS640 yield in a reduced -Tillage cropping system.
Iran. J. Field Crop Res. 16: 1. 67-81.(In Persian)
19.Houx, J.H., Wiebold, W.J., and Fritschi, F.B. 2011. Long-term tillage and crop rotation determines the mineral nutrient distributions of some elements in a vertic epiaqualf. Soil and Tillage Research. 112: 27-35.
20.Karbalaei Khiavi, H., Fakhari, R., Alebrahim, M.T., and Sharifi Ziveh, P. 2016. The effect of winter rye (Secale cereale L.) as a cover crop onweed biomass, density and yield of forage maize (Zea mays L.). J. Agroecol. 7: 1. 140-154. (In Persian)
21.Khamadi, F., Mesgarbashi, M., Hosaibi, P., Enaiat, N., and Farzaneh, M. 2015. The effect of crop residue and nitrogen fertilizer levels on soil biological properties and nitrogen indices and redistribution of dry matter in wheat (Triticum aestivum). Agron. J. (Pajouhesh and Sazandegi). 109: 149-157. (In Persian)
22.Korucu, T., Shipitalo, M.J., and Kaspar, T.C. 2018. Rye cover crop increases earthworm populations and reduces losses of broadcast, fall-applied, fertilizers in surface runoff. Soil and Tillage Research. 180: 99-106. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2018.03.004
23.Ladha, J., Khind, C., Gupta, R., Meelu, O., and Pasuquin, E. 2004. Long-term effects of organic inputs on yield and soil fertility in the Rice-Wheat rotation. Soil Sci. Soc. Amer. J. 68: 845-853.
24.Lal, R. 2004. Soil carbon sequestration to mitigate climate change. Geoderma, 123: 1-22. https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.geoderma.2004.01.032.
25.Linares, R., de-la Fuente, M., Junquera, P., Lissarrague, J.R., and Baeza, P. 2014. Effects of soil management in vineyard on soil physical and chemical characteristics. In: BIO web of conferences, 37th world congress of Vine and Wine and 12th general assembly of the OIV. 3: 01008. November 2014.
26.Lou, X., Xu, M., Wang, W., Sun, X., and Zhao, K. 2010. Return rate of straw residue affects soil organic carbon sequestration by chemical fertilization. Soil and Tillage Research. 98: 287-291.
27.Lupwayi, N.Z., Brandt, S.A., Harker, K.N., O’Donovan, J.T., Clayton, G.W., and Turkington, T.K. 2010. Contrasting soil microbial responses to fertilizers and herbicides in a canol-barleyrotation. Soil Biology Biochemistry.42: 1997-2004.
28.Mackay, A.D., and Kladivk, E.J. 1985. Earthworms and rate of breakdown of soybean and maize residues in soil. Soil Biology Biochemistry. 17: 851-857.
29.Martiniello, P. 2011. Cereal–forage rotations effect on biochemical characteristics of topsoil and productivity of the crops in Mediterranean environment. Europ. J. Agron. 35: 4. 193-204.
30.Mcdaniel, M.D., Tiemann, L.K., and Grandy, A.S. 2014. Does agricultural crop diversity enhance soil microbial biomass and organic matter dynamics? A meta-analysis. Ecological Applications. 24: 3. 560-70.
31.Meisinger, J., Hargrove, W., Mikkelsen, R., Williams, J., and Benson, V. 1991. Effects of cover crops on groundwater quality. P 57-68, In: Cover crops for clean water.
32.Moebius-Clune, B.N., Moebius-Clune, D.J., Gugino, B.K., Idowu, O.J., Schindelbeck, R.R., Ristow, A.J., Van-Es, H., MThies, J.E., Shayler, H.A., McBride, M.B., Kurtz, K.S.M., Wolfe, D.W., and Abawi, G.S. 2016. Comprehensive Assessment of Soil Health – The Cornell Framework, Edition 3.2, Cornell University, Geneva, NY. http://www.css.cornell.edu/extension/soil-health/manual.pdf
33.Olsen, SR., and Sommers, LE. 1982. Phosphorus. In: Page A.L. (ed), Methods of Soil Analysis, Agronomy. No. 9, Part 2: Chemical and microbiological properties, 2nd ed., American Society Agronomy, Madison, Pp: 403-430.
34.Page, A.L., Miller, R.H., and Keeney, D.R. 1982. Method of soil analysis (part 2: chemical and microbiological properties). American society of Agronomy, Madison, 1121p.
35.Poeplau, C., Don, A., Vesterdal, L., Leifeld, J., Van Wesemael, B., Schumacher, J., and Gensior, A. 2011. Temporal dynamics of soil organic carbon after land-use change in the temperate zone-carbon response functions as a model approach. Global Change Biology. 17: 2415-2427. https://doi.org/ 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02408.x.
36.Safari, A.A. 2004. Soil Biology Biochemistry. Aboalisina Univercity, 383p.
37.Sainju, U.M., Singh, B.P., Whitehead, W.F., and Wang, S. 2006. Carbon supply and storage in tilled andnon-tilled soils as influenced bycover crops and nitrogen fertilization.J. Environ. Qual. 35: 1507-1517. https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq2005.0189
38.Sale, P.J.M. 1966. Effect of petroleum mulch on seedling emergence, soil moisture and soil temperature. Experimental Horticulture. 14: 43-52.
39.Schmidt, R., Gravuer, K., Bossange, AV., Mitchell, J., and Scow, K. 2018. Long-term use of cover crops and no-till shift soil microbial community life strategies in agricultural soil. J.Plos one. 13: 2. 1-19. https://doi.org/ 10.1371/journal. pone.0192953
40.Shamsaddin Saied, M., Ghanbari, A., Ramroudi, M., and Khezri, A. 2016. Effects of green manure management and fertilization treatments on the chemical and physical properties and fertility of soil. J. Water Soil Sci. (Science and Technology of Agriculture and Natural Resources). 21: 1. 37-49. (In Persian)
41.Sharma, P., Singh, A., Singh Kahlon, C., Singh Brar, A., Dia, K.K., Robert L, M., and Steiner, R.L. 2018. The role of cover crops towards sustainable soil health and agriculture-a review paper. Amer. J. Plant Sci. 9: 1935-1951.
42.Smith, M.S., Frye, W.W., and Varco, J.J. 1987. Legume winter cover crops.
P 95-139. In: Stewart, B.A., (Eds), Advances in Soil Science, Springer, New York. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4612-4790-6_3
43.Thuries, L., Pansu, M., Feller, C., Herrmann, J.C., and Remy, J.C. 2001, Kinetics of added organic matter decomposition in a Mediterraneansandy soil. Soil Biology Biochemistry. 33: 997-1010.
44.Walkley, A., and Black, I.A. 1934. Estimation of soil organic carbon by the chromic acid titration method. Soil Science. 37: 29-38.
45.Willson, D., and Slocum, G. 2017. Understand cover crops, benefits and selection. www.king agri seeds.com.
46.Wilson, B.N., Slack, D.C., and Young, R.A. 1982. A comparison of three infiltration models. Transactions of the ASAE. 25: 349-356.
47.Zhang, G.S., Chan, K.Y., Oates, A., Heenan, D.P., and Huang, G.B. 2007. Relationship between soil structure and runoff/soil loss after 24 years of conservation tillage. Soil and Tillage Research. 92: 122-128.