Evaluation of simultaneous effect of partial root zone drying and vermicompost on some physiological characteristics of maize (Zea mays L.) SC704

Document Type : Complete scientific research article




Background and Objectives: Using soil moisture storage techniques, simultaneously with irrigation management practices play an important role in coping with the problem of water shortage and water crisis. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the simultaneous effect of partial root zone drying and vermicompost on the water use, yield, biological yield, harvest index and leaf relative water content (RWC) of maize in sari.
Materials and Methods: The experiment was arranged in split plots based on complete randomized block with 3 replications were carried out during years 2015 to 2016. The experiment treatments were full irrigation and chemical fertilizer (FIT1) as control treatments, full irrigation and 50% chemical fertilizer+ 5.5 tons per ha of vermicompost (FIT2), Full irrigation and 11 tons per ha of vermicompost (FIT3), deficit Irrigation and chemical fertilizer (DIT1), deficit irrigation and 50% chemical fertilizer+ 5.5 tons per ha of vermicompost (DIT2), deficit irrigation and 11 tons per ha of vermicompost (DIT3), partial root zone drying irrigation and chemical fertilizer (PRD1), partial root zone drying irrigation and 50% chemical fertilizer+ 5.5 tons per ha of vermicompost (PRD2), partial root zone drying irrigation and 11 tons per ha of vermicompost (PRD3); while in DI and PRD 65% water of FI was irrigated. TDR access tubes were installed in the soil profile to measure soil water content.
Results: The results showed that the effect of irrigation treatments was significant on all physiological parameters considered in this study. The effect of fertilizer treatments was significant on all parameters except RWC. The highest yield was attained in FIT2 treatment, equal with 8 and 8.2 tons per ha in 2015 and 2016, respectively. The PRD treatments was caused to significant increase in yield, biological yield and RWC compared with the DI treatment. The use of vermicompost in combination with chemical fertilizer increased yield, biological yield and harvest index. Vermicompost increased RWC was compared to chemical fertilizer.
Conclusion: simultaneous use of PRD and vermicompost was saved more water (26.3 %) than using them separately. Compared with FIT2 treatment was no significant difference in the values of yield and other physiological parameters of maize. Therefore, PRD2 is recommended to compatibility with the problem of water shortage. Conclusion: simultaneous use of PRD and vermicompost was saved more water (26.3 %) than using them separately. Compared with FIT2 treatment was no significant difference in the values of yield and other physiological parameters of maize. Therefore, PRD2 is recommended to compatibility with the problem of water shortage.


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